SQL Server 2005 Management and Administration

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Once connected, you can now execute those TSQL scripts that you are familiar with to manage and administer databases in this instance. NOTE: This post was originally from my old blog site. Your email address will not be published. Leave this field empty. RegardsBoris Schlotthauer. I found that out the hard way one time when we were tying to connect to a Windows SBS monitoring and Sharepoint database instancesThanks for visiting my blog. I do hope it is of value to you. You can also have both sets of tools on one machine. When a server is registered, you have several options available for managing the server.

You can right-click the server in the Registered Servers window to start or stop the related server, open a new Object Explorer window for the server, connect to a new query window, or export the registered servers to an XML file so that they can be imported on another machine. You can export all the servers and groups registered on one machine and save the time of registering them all on another machine. For example, you can right-click the Database Engine node, select Export, and then choose a location to store the XML output file.

Then all you need to do to register all the servers and groups on another machine is move the file to that machine and import the file. Object Explorer provides a hierarchical user interface to view and manage the objects in each instance of SQL Server. The Object Explorer Details pane presents a tabular view of instance objects, and the capability to search for specific objects. The capabilities of Object Explorer vary slightly depending on the type of server, but generally include the development features for databases, and management features for all server types.

How to Connect to SQL Server

The most huge element for those people dealing with countless articles is the ability to populate the Object Explorer tree nonconcurrently. This may not hit home for people who manage littler databases, however it can be a continuous saver for those that are managing numerous databases on a solitary SQL Server case or for those that work with databases that have a critical number of database items. The Object Explorer is versatile to the sort of server it is associated with.

For a Database Engine server, the databases and questions, for example, tables, put away systems, thus on are shown in the tree.


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On the off chance that you associate with an Integration Services server, the tree shows data about the bundles characterized on that kind of server. Every server hub has an one of a kind symbol that goes before the server name, and the sort of server is additionally shown in enclosures taking after the server name.

This option is available by right-clicking on a node in the Object Explorer. Reports are not available for every node in the Object Explorer tree, but many of them do have this option.


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Most reports are found in the toplevel nodes in the tree. For example, if you right-click on a database in the Object Explorer tree and then select Reports and Standard Reports, you see more than a dozen available reports. Graphs are included with some reports, and you can export or print all these reports. The graphs are easy to read, and a few areas of the report can be extended to give more detail. Shots at the base of a report are hubs that can be extended. For instance, the Disk Space Used by Data Files at the base of above picture can be extended to show insights about each of the information documents.

These changes build on the foundation established in SQL Server and help provide much more information related to the performance of your SQL Server instance. It is no longer found in the Management node of the Object Explorer. Instead, you right-click on the name of the server instance in the Object Explorer, and you see a selection for Activity Monitor. When any pane is expanded, Activity Monitor is querying the instance for information. When a pane is collapsed, all querying activity stops for that pane.

You can also expand one or more panes at the same time to view different kinds of activity on the instance. When the Activity Monitor launches, you see a new display with four different graphs, as shown in the below picture. You also find more detailed performance information below the graphs. Clicking on the expand button for one of these categories presents the details you are looking for.

SQL Server DBA

These details contain drop-down headings that allow you to filter the results and view only the information you need. If you right-click on a particular process, you can see the details of that process. You can then kill that process or launch the SQL Server Profiler to trace the activity for the process. It details the processes waiting for other resources on the server. The amount of time a process is waiting and the wait category what the process is waiting for are found in this display.

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If you click on the Cumulative Wait Time column, the rows are sorted by this column and you can find the wait category that has been waiting the longest. This sorting capability applies to all the columns in the display. It provides statistics for all the databases on the instance and is a quick and easy way to find and tune expensive SQL statements.

If you right-click on a row in the display and click Edit Query Text, you can see the entire SQL text associated with the query. You are able to click on one of the column headings such as CPU to sort the display according to the metric you feel defines cost. If you double-click one of the error logs listed, a new Log File Viewer window is launched, displaying the SQL Server log file entries for the log type selected see the bottom picture. One of the first things you notice when you launch the Log File Viewer is that a tree structure at the top-left corner of the screen shows the log files you are viewing.

You can choose to display multiple log files within a given log type for example, the current SQL Server log and Archive 1 , or you can select logs from different sources. When multiple logs are selected, you can differentiate between the rows shown on the right side of the Log File Viewer by looking at the Log Source column and the Log Type column.

The Log Source values match up with the names shown in the tree structure where the log was selected. Rows from the different log types are displayed together and sorted according to the date on which the row was created. The sort order cannot be changed. Other noteworthy features in the Log File Viewer include the capability to filter and load a log from an external source.


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  5. You can filter on dates, users, computers, the message text, and the source of the message. You can import log files from other machines into the view by using the Load Log facility. This facility works hand-in-hand with the Export option, which allows you to export the log to a file. These files can be easily shared so that others can review the files in their own Log File Viewer.

    Access to these new hooks is provided through a new Utility Explorer that can be displayed within your SSMS environment. The SQL Server Utility provides a holistic view of the health and utilization of the resources associated with managed instances of SQL Server and registered database applications. Here are the components and terms affiliated with it:. These new tools and the other essential developer tools from SSMS are discussed in the following sections. The Query Editor. The capability to write T-SQL queries, execute them, return results, generate execution plans, and use many of the other features you may be familiar with in Query Analyzer are also available with the Query Editor.

    Clicking the New Query button, opening a file, and selecting the Script to File option from a list of database objects in the Object Explorer are just a few of the ways to launch the Query Editor. The query editor window is displayed on the right side of the screen and the Object Explorer on the left side.

    How to Connect to SQL Server via SQL Server Management Studio

    If you have batch statements in your script Begin End or Go statements , the results page will recalculate line numbering within the block i. SQL Server Management Studio has retained one of our favorite features of Query Analysis: linking to errors in the body of your script from the error message in the Message pane. Note that the line number referenced in the error message may not correspond to the line numbering if a script contains multiple batches.

    You can, however, find the line causing the error simply by double-clicking the error the red text in the Message pane.

    SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)

    This action will highlight the offending line in the body of the script. You may want to use the pre-parse function with this feature to clean up all syntax errors before running a script. We like scripting objects primarily because it allows us to have absolute control over what we create, and we can save scripts to document objects and move them easily from a test to a production environment.

    However, new features mean new syntax, and thus much more to remember. This allows you to keep your databases in previous versions while administering them from SQL Server You should consider this yet another good reason to upgrade. When registering our databases both in Enterprise Manager and SQL Server Management Studio , we like to use an IP address rather than a server name; this approach facilitates remote connections across a VPN, and name resolution can sometimes be a problem.

    In Enterprise Manager, we had to remember the IP address for each particular server for which we work. For this purpose, we kept a text file listing all the connection parameters. In SQL Server Management Studio, you can register by IP address but still give the computer a more recognizable name and even add a description of the server. The name and description will show up on the Registered Servers pane View Registered Servers or press [Ctrl][Alt]G , so you always know which server you are working on.