Human Rights: Confronting Myths and Misunderstandings

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Human Rights: Confronting Myths and Misunderstandings by Andrew Fagan, Paperback | Barnes & Noble®

In its current state, it consists of software tools aimed at solving problems. Some forms of AI might give the impression of being clever, but it would be unrealistic to think that current AI is similar or equivalent to human intelligence. Although some forms of machine learning ML — a category of AI — have been inspired by the human brain, they are not equivalent.

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Image recognition technology, for example, is more accurate than most humans, but of no use when it comes to solving a math problem. The rule with AI today is that it solves one task exceedingly well, but if the conditions of the task change only a bit, it fails. A finished ML product gives the impression that it is able to learn on its own.

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  8. However, experienced human data scientists frame the problem, prepare the data, determine appropriate datasets, remove potential bias in the training data see myth No. Every AI technology is based on data, rules and other kinds of input from human experts. Because all humans are intrinsically biased in one way or another, so is the AI.

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    Systems that are frequently retrained — for example, using new data from social media — are even more vulnerable to unwanted bias or intentional malevolent influences. This simple process can significantly reduce selection and confirmation bias.

    AI enables businesses to make more accurate decisions via predictions, classifications and clustering. These abilities have enabled AI-based solutions to reach deep into work environments , not only replacing mundane tasks, but also augmenting those that are more complex. Take, for example, the use of imaging AI in healthcare.

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    A chest X-ray application based on AI can detect diseases faster than radiologists. In the financial and insurance industry, roboadvisors are being used for wealth management and fraud detection.

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    Adjust job profiles and capacity planning and offer retraining options for existing staff. Andrew Fagan argues that the moral authority and practical efficacy of human rights are adversely affected by a range of myths and misunderstandings - from claims regarding the moral status of human rights as a fully comprehensive moral doctrine to the view that the possession of rights is antithetical to recognising the importance of moral duties.

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    The author also examines the claim made by some that human rights ultimately only exists as legal phenomena and that nation-states are inherently hostile to the spirit of human rights. This book will challenge people to reconsider their understanding of human rights as a global moral outlook. This monograph will become essential reading for both postgraduate and undergraduate students interested in the field of human rights.

    It will also be invaluable to academics, researchers and human rights practitioners involved in the human rights debate.